Therefore our objective is to compare the impact of different foods on the risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes using prospective cohort studies. Nutrition 22 7—8: J Nutr Health Aging 17 Unfortunately, external validation of diabetes-specific risk models is lacking, particularly among U.
Nutrients 7 9: Two investigators M. Secondary outcomes 1.
Eat to live, not live to eat. A stearic acid-rich diet improves thrombogenic and atherogenic risk factor profiles in healthy males. Available at http: We included studies of asymptomatic adults in any geographic setting with any study design in which a CVD clinical risk prediction model was developed or validated.
The following outcome assessments will be considered: Pflugers Arch. Stat Med 27 7: Eur J Clin NutrIn press. When a study was published in duplicate, we will include the version containing the most comprehensive information latest information in the case of follow-up studies.
BMJ Effect of cocoa powder on the modulation of inflammatory biomarkers in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Procyanidin and catechin contents and antioxidant capacity of cocoa and chocolate products. Ischemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, and cancer in Panama. We also excluded studies conducted in patients with known CHD at baseline.
We also aim to obtain a useful relative ranking of the different foods with respect to the prevention of chronic disease. Am J Epidemiol We do not expect high missing data rate, since this phenomenon is not common in meta-analysis of observational studies [ 151822 ]. Study selection process Two reviewers will independently screen titles and abstracts of all the retrieved bibliographic records.
The effects of flavanol-rich cocoa and aspirin on ex vivo platelet function. Improvement of endothelial function with dietary flavanols is associated with mobilization of circulating angiogenic cells in patients with coronary artery disease.
Dark Chocolate Could Help Hearts. Nutr J 2: Global methods investigate the presence of inconsistency jointly from all possible sources in the network. Quality of the evidence We will first use our recently developed NutriGrade-tool to evaluate and judge the meta-evidence for pairwise comparisons, which has been especially developed for nutrition research to address specific requirements for this research field [ 21 ].
Hamling J, Lee P, Weitkunat R, Ambuhl M Facilitating meta-analyses by deriving relative effect and precision estimates for alternative comparisons from a set of estimates presented by exposure level or disease category.
Heart Attack and Angina Statistics. We also searched online for available tools and documented their location and the model on which they purported to be based.
J Cardiovasc PharmacolIn press. J Clin Epidemiol 53 2: A flow diagram will outline the study selection process and reasons for exclusions full-text. J Nutr 8: Regular consumption of dark chocolate is associated with low serum concentrations of C-reactive protein in a healthy Italian population.
Am J Clin Nutr 99 1:Abstract. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States.
The high content of polyphenols and flavonoids present in cocoa has been reported to play an important protective role in the development of nathalie-masson.com by: Systematic reviews on health literacy have shown the association of this characteristic with outcomes and health-related behaviors in chronic conditions such as heart failure, diabetes mellitus, asthma, cancer, and chronic musculoskeletal nathalie-masson.com by: 7.
· Systematic Review of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment Tools Evidence Syntheses/Technology Assessments, No. 85 Investigators: Michael Matheny, MD, MSPH, Melissa L McPheeters, PhD, MPH, Allison Glasser, BA, Nate Mercaldo, MS, Rachel B Weaver, BE, Rebecca N Jerome, MLIS, MPH, Rachel Walden, MLIS, J Nikki McKoy, MPH, Jason Pritchett, MD, and Chris Cited by: Huedo-Medina TB, Garcia M, Bihuniak JD, Kenny A, Kerstetter J () Methodologic quality of meta-analyses and systematic reviews on the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease outcomes: a review.
Am J Clin Nutr (3)–Cited by: · Cardiovascular disease (incidence); defined accordingly: myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), stroke (haemorrhagic, ischemic), and heart failure.
The following outcome assessments will be considered: record linkage (ICD codes), accepted clinical criteria, death registers, death nathalie-masson.com by: · Mozaffarian D, Micha R, Wallace S. Effects on coronary heart disease of increasing polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Cited by: